I John Chapter One
I Jn 1:1 That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked upon, and our hands have handled, of the Word of life;
Unlike his other two letters, this one has no salutation or greetings. It is addressed to anyone like II John and III John was.
The Word of Life is Jesus Christ. You can see the Apostle John in this letter for sure. He has heard Christ teach, and he has seen Him in Person, and he has touched Him. He bears record that the Word was from the beginning. He said that once before, you know.
John 1:1-2 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God.
He will bear record of the Word again.
Rev 1:1-2 The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to shew unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass; and he sent and signified it by his angel unto his servant John: Who bare record of the word of God, and of the testimony of Jesus Christ, and of all things that he saw.
I Jn 1:2 (For the life was manifested, and we have seen it, and bear witness, and shew unto you that eternal life, which was with the Father, and was manifested unto us;)
What kink of life did Christ manifest, or make clear? ETERNAL LIFE! Jesus Christ IS eternal life to believers. WHY? Because he is WITH the Father. The Father is eternal and so is Jesus Christ. They are equal. They are ONE.
Phil 2:6 Who, being in the form (nature) of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:
I Jn 1:3 That which we have seen and heard declare we unto you, that ye also may have fellowship with us: and truly our fellowship is with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ.
John and his disciples were preaching the gospel of Christ to people somewhere. He is saying that the teachings that he and the others gave then came from Christ. They are declaring (teaching) them the "all things" as commanded in the Great Commission.
Matt 28:20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.
He is telling them that they may also have fellowship with them as do the other believers that have heard and believed the things that the apostles have heard and seen.
John and these preachers say they have HEARD Christ teach, and they have SEEN His death and burial and they have SEEN Him resurrected.
I Jn 1:4 And these things write we unto you, that your joy may be full.(complete)
I Jn 1:5 This then is the message which we have heard of him, and declare unto you, that God is light, and in him is no darkness at all.
"That which we have seen and heard declare we unto you" They have heard that God is light, and in him is no darkness at all.
I Jn 1:6 If we say that we have fellowship with him, and walk in darkness, we lie, and do not the truth:
Christ say He is the Light. So all those that belong to Christ by believing on Him CANNOT walk in darkness. If we say we are Christians and walk in darkness, we lie. We do not have or believe the truth.
John 12:46 I am come a light into the world, that whosoever believeth on me should not abide in darkness.
John 8:12 Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.
I Jn 1:7 But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin.
If we walk in the light of the truth we have fellowship with one another (other christians) because WE ARE SAVED.
What is the "light of the truth?" When we are in the light of Christ (The Word of God-the Truth) we can see ourselves as we really are. We see ourselves as helpless hopeless sinners in need of salvation. By walking in the light we continually see our helpless condition and we constantly repent of our condition.
I Jn 1:8 If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.
The light reveals the sin in us. If we cannot see the sin in us we walk in darkness and the Spirit of truth (Holy Spirit of God) is not in us.
John 14:17 Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you.
John 15:26 But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me:
John 16:13 Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come.
The Holy Spirit of Truth comes to indwell all believers and if we don't have Him we are still lost in our sins. This proves that ALL Christians still sin, thought not habitually.
I Jn 1:9 If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.
We must admit our shortcomings and profess our need of Christ and what He did and God will forgive us. We are being saved as we go through life. We have not yet achieved our salvation..
This verse could mean that when the Christian sins we are not forgiven unless we confess (repent). BUT, that is why we have the Holy Spirit in us. He leads us to repentance.
Rom 2:4 Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering; not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance?
I Jn 1:10 If we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us.
John repeats what he said in verse eight. He emphases that Christians WILL SIN and they MUST confess and admit this fact.
If we don't the "Spirit of Truth" is not in us. If we don't the "Word of God" is not in us, or rather WE ARE NOT IN HIM (Christ)
If we are not in Christ we are still lost in our sins. The apostle John is making sure we understand this.