I Peter Chapter 5
1 Pet 5:1 The elders which are among you I exhort, who am also an elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a partaker of the glory that shall be revealed:
The elders here are the leaders of the group of believers Peter is addressing..
The Greek word presbuteros (pres-boo'-ter-os); is used in all the following verses
Mark 14:53 And they led Jesus away to the high priest: and with him were assembled all the chief priests and the elders and the scribes.
Acts 14:23 And when they had ordained them elders in every church, and had prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Lord, on whom they believed.
Acts 15:6 And the apostles and elders came together for to consider of this matter.
Acts 20:17 And from Miletus he sent to Ephesus, and called the elders of the church.
Acts 15:23 And they wrote letters by them after this manner; The apostles and elders and brethren send greeting unto the brethren which are of the Gentiles in Antioch and Syria and Cilicia:
1 Pet 5:2 Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight thereof, not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a ready mind;
Peter is talking to the leaders of this church. They are to "feed the flock". They are to preach to them and teach them the doctrine of Christ.
These elders are to "oversee". They are to "watch out for". They are the "watch-dogs". They are to do this not by pressure, requirement, force, or out of a sense of duty but willingly. Not for money, or greed, but willingly. This is because they want to out of concern.
1 Pet 5:3 Neither as being lords over God's heritage, but being ensamples to the flock.
These elders are not "do as I say" lords, but "do as I do" examples.
1 Pet 5:4 And when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away.
When Jesus comes again, the elders will get their recompense, compensation, payment.
1 Pet 5:5 Likewise, ye younger, submit yourselves unto the elder. Yea, all of you be subject one to another, and be clothed with humility: for God resisteth the proud, and giveth grace to the humble.
The same Greed word, presbuteros (pres-boo'-ter-os) is used here, but with a different meaning. The word here means "older". God loves humility and opposes the proud.
1 Pet 5:6 Humble yourselves therefore under the mighty hand of God, that he may exalt you in due time:
Matt 23:12 And whosoever shall exalt himself shall be abased; and he that shall humble himself shall be exalted.
James, the brother of Jesus speaking.
James 4:6 But he giveth more grace. Wherefore he saith, God resisteth the proud, but giveth grace unto the humble.
James 4:10 Humble yourselves in the sight of the Lord, and he shall lift you up.
1 Pet 5:7 Casting all your care upon him; for he careth for you.
We are to give all our anxiety, worry, distress, sorrow, fear, distress and stress to Him and let Him carry the weight because He cares for us. He is concerned for us because He loves us.
We should give to Him "our" yoke and take up and carry "His" yoke. Sometimes our yoke gets to much for us but His never does.
Matt 11:29-30 Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls. For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light.
1 Pet 5:8 Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour:
The elders are to be watchful and alert. They are to be "wide awake" because their opponent is out there waiting to eat them up.
He is sneaky. He is cunning. He is ready to tempt us into sin..
1 Pet 5:9 Whom resist stedfast in the faith, knowing that the same afflictions are accomplished in your brethren that are in the world.
The elders are to "strongly" resist him in their belief. They are to get the strength by relying on Christ the Author of their faith. They can rest assured knowing that this is "common" for all believers. Nothing "strange" will be happening to them.
1 Pet 5:10 But the God of all grace, who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that ye have suffered a while, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle you.
Suffering is strengthening. God will set them on the right course and finish what He has started in them and make them perfect, or complete. That is to restore them back again from the suffering. He will mend them.
1 Pet 5:11 To him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.
1 Pet 5:12 By Silvanus, a faithful brother unto you, as I suppose, I have written briefly, exhorting, and testifying that this is the true grace of God wherein ye stand.
This man Silvanus was the scribe for Peter. Peter did the dictating and Silvanus wrote the letter. Peter esteems, reason, that this man is a faithful brother.
This man was a fellow traveler with Paul and Timothy, and now he is with Peter.
2 Cor 1:19 For the Son of God, Jesus Christ, who was preached among you by us, even by me and Silvanus and Timotheus, was not yea and nay, but in him was yea.
1Thes 1:1 Paul, and Silvanus, and Timotheus, unto the church of the Thessalonians which is in God the Father and in the Lord Jesus Christ: Grace be unto you, and peace, from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ.
II Th 1:1 Paul, and Silvanus, and Timotheus, unto the church of the Thessalonians in God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ:
1 Pet 5:13 The church that is at Babylon, elected together with you, saluteth you; and so doth Marcus my son.
Peter calls Markus his son, as he is probably a convert of Peters. Paul called Timothy his son, as Timothy was Paul's convert.
This would be John Mark, the writer of the Gospel of Mark, and nephew of Barnabas. He is the son of Barnabas' sister.
Col 4:10 Aristarchus my fellowprisoner saluteth you, and Marcus, sister's son to Barnabas, (touching whom ye received commandments: if he come unto you, receive him;)
This is the Mark that Paul and Barnabas had an argument over.
Acts 15:36-40 And some days after Paul said unto Barnabas, Let us go again and visit our brethren in every city where we have preached the word of the Lord, and see how they do. And Barnabas determined to take with them John, whose surname was Mark. But Paul thought not good to take him with them, who departed from them from Pamphylia, and went not with them to the work. And the contention was so sharp between them, that they departed asunder one from the other: and so Barnabas took Mark, and sailed unto Cyprus; And Paul chose Silas, and departed, being recommended by the brethren unto the grace of God.
Acts 13:13 Now when Paul and his company loosed from Paphos, they came to Perga in Pamphylia: and John departing from them returned to Jerusalem.
1 Pet 5:14 Greet ye one another with a kiss of charity. Peace be with you all that are in Christ Jesus. Amen.
The "agape" love kiss.