Bible Studies

2 Timothy Chapter Four

2 Tim 4:1 I charge thee therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead at his appearing and his kingdom;

Paul earnestly declares unto Timothy before God and Jesus Christ as his witness that Timothy should do what he is about to tell him in verse two.

2 Tim 4:2 Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine.

PREACH THE WORD-be instant, that is to be at hand to preach the Word-to stand upon and present the Word- to assault-to storm -to attack the world with the Word. He is to do this in season. That is when it is opportunely and conveniently. When he has convenience and opportunity.

He is to do this out of season. He is to do this even when he has no opportunity and when it is not convenient. He is to take opportunity when it is inconvenient. When it is difficult and troublesome.

He is to reprove- to convict-convince-tell a fault
He is to rebuke-he is to forbid and censure-blame-condemn
He is to exhort-to implore and entreat. He is to appeal and plead. He is to request and pray.

He is to do all these things which is about EVERYTHING and ANYTHING he can do to get the Word out and obedience to the Word in patience, calmness, and courage by teaching sound doctrine. (teachings)

2 Tim 4:3 For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears;

He is to do this while he still can because there is coming a time when nobody will listen. The people are gonna get preachers that tell them what they want to hear and to hell with the truth.

2 Tim 4:4 And they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables.

These people shall be deflected from the truth and turned away to myth- fiction. This will be lies and falsehoods.

2 Tim 4:5 But watch thou in all things, endure afflictions, do the work of an evangelist, make full proof of thy ministry.

Timothy is to watch out all sorts of things such as those spoken off. He is to watch out for many things. He is to keep on his toes and be willing to suffer if need be, to keep on keeping on. He is to do the work of a preacher of the gospel. He is not to preach a better life here on earth by reforming the local government, and tell people how to manage their finances, and how to combat depression and feel good about themselves.

He is to make proof of his ministry. He is to completely assure others, and persuade or convince them by giving evidence of his calling so that others will fully believe that he is a man of God.

2 Tim 4:6 For I am now ready to be offered, and the time of my departure is at hand.

These are some final teachings from Paul to Timothy. Paul is now ready to die. He has finished his race. He was imprisoned before and he suffered many afflictions and hardships, but he knows he will die this time around.

2 Tim 4:7 I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, (race)I have kept the faith:

Heb 12:1 Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset us, and let us run with patience the race that is set before us,

James 1:3 Knowing this, that the trying of your faith worketh patience.

The trying of faith come through tribulation-hardship-suffering-affliction-trouble-grief.

Rom 5:3 And not only so, but we glory in tribulations also: knowing that tribulation worketh patience;

This is some of the tribulation of Paul.
2 Cor 6:4-10 But in all things approving ourselves as the ministers of God, in much patience, in afflictions, in necessities, in distresses, In stripes, in imprisonments, in tumults, in labours, in watchings, in fastings; By pureness, by knowledge, by longsuffering, by kindness, by the Holy Ghost, by love unfeigned, By the word of truth, by the power of God, by the armour of righteousness on the right hand and on the left, By honour and dishonour, by evil report and good report: as deceivers, and yet true; As unknown, and yet well known; as dying, and, behold, we live; as chastened, and not killed; As sorrowful, yet alway rejoicing; as poor, yet making many rich; as having nothing, and yet possessing all things.

Some more tribulation Paul suffered.
2 Cor 11:21-27 I speak as concerning reproach, as though we had been weak. Howbeit whereinsoever any is bold, (I speak foolishly,) I am bold also. Are they Hebrews? so am I. Are they Israelites? so am I. Are they the seed of Abraham? so am I. Are they ministers of Christ? (I speak as a fool) I am more; in labours more abundant, in stripes above measure, in prisons more frequent, in deaths oft. Of the Jews five times received I forty stripes save one. Thrice was I beaten with rods, once was I stoned, thrice I suffered shipwreck, a night and a day I have been in the deep; In journeyings often, in perils of waters, in perils of robbers, in perils by mine own countrymen, in perils by the heathen, in perils in the city, in perils in the wilderness, in perils in the sea, in perils among false brethren; In weariness and painfulness, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness.

Paul endured all these things patiently. He KNEW He was to suffer much. God told him so.

Acts 9:11-16 And the Lord said unto him, Arise, and go into the street which is called Straight, and inquire in the house of Judas for one called Saul, of Tarsus: for, behold, he prayeth, And hath seen in a vision a man named Ananias coming in, and putting his hand on him, that he might receive his sight. Then Ananias answered, Lord, I have heard by many of this man, how much evil he hath done to thy saints at Jerusalem: And here he hath authority from the chief priests to bind all that call on thy name. But the Lord said unto him, Go thy way: for he is a chosen vessel unto me, to bear my name before the Gentiles, and kings, and the children of Israel: For I will shew him how great things he must suffer for my name's sake.

But the Lord had mercy on Paul at his time of death. Criminals were crucified, Non Roman citizens were hanged and Roman citizens was beheaded, which was a very humane death. Paul was a Roman citizen.

2 Tim 4:8 Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at that day: and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing.

This aint no crown of hay or stubble that Paul is speaking of here. THIS crown ain't gonna burn up.

This "love His appearing" is to be taken as that those that love His appearing make ready, that when the Lord comes He will find them working. This work will earn then rewards that will not burn up.

2 Tim 4:9 Do thy diligence to come shortly unto me:

Come see me again before I am killed, Paul tells Timothy, his beloved adopted son.

2 Tim 4:10 For Demas hath forsaken me, having loved this present world, and is departed unto Thessalonica; Crescens to Galatia, Titus unto Dalmatia.

Demas is mentioned two other times in the Bible.

Col 4:14 Luke, the beloved physician, and Demas, greet you.

Phile 1:23-24 There salute thee Epaphras, my fellowprisoner in Christ Jesus; Marcus, Aristarchus, Demas, Lucas, my fellowlabourers.

Church houses get cleaned out when persecution comes. Demas was somewhat like Peter was early on when he denied Christ in time of trouble.

Crescens went to Galatia, and Titus unto Dalmatia to do the work of the Lord. They are not spoken of as forsaking Paul.

2 Tim 4:11 Only Luke is with me. Take Mark, and bring him with thee: for he is profitable to me for the ministry.

Paul is lonely. One man that was visiting him forsook him and the other two had to go take care of the Lord's business and only Luke is with him now. He wants Timothy and Mark as company before he dies.

Mark had proved himself in Paul's estimation since the time some twenty years before when the apostle had refused to take him on the second journey.

Acts 15:37-39 And Barnabas determined to take with them John, whose surname was Mark. But Paul thought not good to take him with them, who departed from them from Pamphylia, and went not with them to the work. And the contention was so sharp between them, that they departed asunder one from the other: and so Barnabas took Mark, and sailed unto Cyprus;

2 Tim 4:12 And Tychicus have I sent to Ephesus.

Paul probably meant that Tychicus was to relieve Timothy, who probably was still at Ephesus, so that Timothy could join the apostle in Rome. This would suggest that Tychicus was the bearer of the letter.

Here Tychicus or another minister is to relieve Titus as he is told to come visit Paul at an earlier time.
Titus 3:12 When I shall send Artemas unto thee, or Tychicus, be diligent to come unto me to Nicopolis: for I have determined there to winter.

So Tychicus is sent to Ephesus to relieve Timothy so he can come and visit Paul

2 Tim 4:13 The cloke that I left at Troas with Carpus, when thou comest, bring with thee, and the books, but especially the parchments.

The apostle Paul needs his coat and books-probably letters of the N.T. and parchments-books of the O.T. to occupy himself with.

2 Tim 4:14 Alexander the coppersmith did me much evil: the Lord reward him according to his works:

1 Tim 1:18-20 This charge I commit unto thee, son Timothy, according to the prophecies which went before on thee, that thou by them mightest war a good warfare; Holding faith, and a good conscience; which some having put away concerning faith have made shipwreck: Of whom is Hymenaeus and Alexander; whom I have delivered unto Satan, that they may learn not to blaspheme.

2 Tim 4:15 Of whom be thou ware also; for he hath greatly withstood our words.

Paul brings this Alexander up again. He has openly attacked the truth and Paul warns him to stay away from him again.

2 Tim 4:16 At my first answer no man stood with me, but all men forsook me: I pray God that it may not be laid to their charge.

Paul prays that God will not hold it against these fellow ministers that "deny" Paul in his time of trouble

2 Tim 4:17 Notwithstanding the Lord stood with me, and strengthened me; that by me the preaching might be fully known, and that all the Gentiles might hear: and I was delivered out of the mouth of the lion.(out of prison)

Notwithstanding-but the Lord did not forsake Paul. He delivered him out of prison before, so that Paul could continue preaching the gospel and run his race, but now his race is run. He has finished his course (race).

2 Tim 4:18 And the Lord shall deliver me from every evil work, and will preserve me unto his heavenly kingdom: to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen.

2 Tim 4:19 Salute Prisca and Aquila, and the household of Onesiphorus.

Paul first met Prisca and Aquila when he first came to Corinth.
Acts 18:1-3 After these things Paul departed from Athens, and came to Corinth; And found a certain Jew named Aquila, born in Pontus, lately come from Italy, with his wife Priscilla; (because that Claudius had commanded all Jews to depart from Rome:) and came unto them. And because he was of the same craft, he abode with them, and wrought: for by their occupation they were tentmakers.

After preaching and making tents for some finances, Paul leaves Corinth for Siria and Priscilla and Aquila go with him. He leaves then in Ephesus.
Acts 18:18-19 And Paul after this tarried there yet a good while, and then took his leave of the brethren, and sailed thence into Syria, and with him Priscilla and Aquila; having shorn his head in Cenchrea: for he had a vow. And he came to Ephesus, and left them there: but he himself entered into the synagogue, and reasoned with the Jews.

They were at Ephesus when 1 Corinthians was written
1 Cor 16:19 The churches of Asia salute you. Aquila and Priscilla salute you much in the Lord, with the church that is in their house.

They were at Rome when Romans was written
Rom 16:3 Greet Priscilla and Aquila my helpers in Christ Jesus:

Paul is telling the church in Rome to greet them. They were in Rome at the time.

Now in 2 Timothy verse 19 they are in Ephesus again.

2 Tim 4:20 Erastus abode at Corinth: but Trophimus have I left at Miletum sick.

Erastus is city treasurer of Corinth.
Rom 16:23 Gaius mine host, and of the whole church, saluteth you. Erastus the chamberlain (distributor-overseer-steward-governor-agent-manager) of the city saluteth you, and Quartus a brother.

Earlier Trophimus has accompanied Paul to Asia.
Acts 20:4 And there accompanied him into Asia Sopater of Berea; and of the Thessalonians, Aristarchus and Secundus; and Gaius of Derbe, and Timotheus; and of Asia, Tychicus and Trophimus.

When Paul made a visit to Jerusalem, Trophimus, an Ephesian Gentile was there.
Acts 21:27-29 And when the seven days were almost ended, the Jews which were of Asia, when they saw him in the temple, stirred up all the people, and laid hands on him, Crying out, Men of Israel, help: This is the man, that teacheth all men every where against the people, and the law, and this place: and further brought Greeks (Gentiles) also into the temple, and hath polluted this holy place. (For they had seen before with him in the city Trophimus an Ephesian, whom they supposed that Paul had brought into the temple.)

Now this Trophimus is at some city and is sick.

2 Tim 4:21 Do thy diligence to come before winter. Eubulus greeteth thee, and Pudens, and Linus, and Claudia, and all the brethren.

Paul was imprisoned this time around when he needed and carried no coat, but winter is approaching and now he tells Timothy to bring it with him when he come to visit. Paul gets certain privileges because he is a Roman citizen.

2 Tim 4:22 The Lord Jesus Christ be with thy spirit. Grace be with you. Amen.