Bible Studies

Ephesians Chapter Two

In this chapter the apostle tells about our salvation by God's grace, showing what we were in the past, what we are now, and what we shall be in the future.

WHAT WE WERE IN THE PAST. (Eph 2: 1-3)

Eph 2:1 And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins;

And you; the saints in Ephesus, who once were dead in willful transgression and sins

We have to read “verse five” to understand that they were quickened, (given new life) because the words “hath he quickened” in verse one are in italics in the KJV meaning these words were added by the translators.

Eph 2:2 Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience:

The saints of Ephesus/all believers once walked/lived, that is, our daily conduct was at one with the age of this world system. We were in agreement with the prince of the power of the air. (Satan)

The Holy Spirit works in the children of God and the “prince” works in the children of disobedience.  God is the Father of the saints (2 Cor 1:12; 6:18) and Satan is the father of un-believers. (John 8:44) LIKE FATHER LIKE SON.

Eph 2:3 Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.

Among whom (the children of disobedience) WE ALSO had the behavior/actions of fulfilling the desires of the flesh/body and of the mind/ imagination and understanding.

Our NATURE was no better than others.  We were all in the ‘same boat/condition”. 

The wrath of God reserved for the devil, (Lake of Fire) also included his/devils children/us.

WHAT WE ARE IN THE PRESENT- (Eph 2:4-6)

Eph 2:4 But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us,

God’s love is so great that He loved us wherewith/while we were still living in the lusts of the flesh and mind.

Eph 2:5 Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved;)

We were quickened /born again (John 3:3; 2 Cor 5:17) by being placed IN/ together with Christ.  This was accomplished by the Grace of God.

Eph 2:6 And hath raised us up together, and made us sit together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus:

As God had raised Christ from the dead, He has raised US  TOGETHER WITH HIM/Jesus Christ. Jesus is now sitting in a heavenly place.  He is at the Father’s Right Hand. (Mark 16:19; 1 Peter 3:22) and we are just as good as there ‘right now” because of our position in Christ.

WHAT WE SHALL BE IN THE FUTURE-(Eph 2:7-10)

Eph 2:7 That in the ages to come he might shew the exceeding riches of his grace in his kindness toward us through Christ Jesus.

The saved believers/saints or CHURCH is to be an “eternal “picture of the great grace of God.

Eph 2:8 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God:

Grace ‘through” faith.  It is not faith that saves mankind, but the “grace” of God that comes to the believer “through” faith. The gift of God is not saving “faith” but saving “grace” THROUGH faith in the Lord Jesus Christ. Faith is the conduit/channel by which we receive grace. It is the “cord” by which some appliances receive electricity that makes a “dead/motionless” machine come “alive/active”

Eph 2:9 Not of works, lest any man should boast.

This is a negative accompaniment of the preceding statement. This is a ‘double rebuff, ” of works having anything to do with “obtaining” salvation. Good works of any kind are the “product” or “fruit” of salvation, not the “cause of it” (1 Cor 4:6-7) 

Eph 2:10 For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.

This is the opposite of the walk described in verse two.  This is the reason for our salvation.  The reason of our being “born again” Created or re-created IN Jesus Christ for the purpose of doing good works.  We should DO them/walk in them.

Eph 2:11 Wherefore remember, that ye being in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who are called Uncircumcision by that which is called the Circumcision in the flesh made by hands;

The Gentiles were uncircumcised heathen to the circumcised people of God/Jews

Eph 2:12 That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world:

Until blindness in part happened to Israel, (Rom 11:25) the Gentiles had no hope for salvation unless they became a proselyte/convert to Judaism. (Matt 23:15)

Eph 2:13 But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of Christ.

These Gentiles, whom Paul is addressing, were in the past, far from God, are now near to Him by the Person and Work of Jesus Christ.

Eph 2:14 For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition between us;

Christ is our peace. (verse 14)  He is making peace. (verse 15) He is preaching peace. (verse 17) Christ has done the opposite of what we had done. We were willful sinners and therefore caused hostility between ourselves and God, (Romans chapter 8) and Jesus Christ came and made peace between those saved by grace and God.

Eph 2:15 Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; for to make in himself of twain one new man, so making peace;

Read Romans chapter 1; 2 and 3.

Eph 2:16 And that he might reconcile both unto God in one body by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby:

SIN is the enmity between God and us. Jesus Christ has slain sin by the cross.  Christ became sin (2 Cor 5:21) and died, and so all are dead to sin (Rom 6:2) who believe in the Person and Work of Jesus Christ.

Eph 2:17 And came and preached peace to you which were afar off, and to them that were nigh.

..to you which were afar off-Gentiles
… to them that were nigh.-Jews

Eph 2:18 For through him we both have access by one Spirit unto the Father.

Jews and Gentiles/non Jews “both” are offered the SAME salvation.

Eph 2:19 Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the household of God

There are Jews and Non-Jews in the flesh but in God’s eyes believers all are one new man. (verse 15)

Eph 2:20 And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone

And you/ the Gentile believers in Ephesus are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets that spoke of the Savior.  The Savior being the chief/foremost cornerstone.

Eph 2:21 In whom all the building fitly framed together groweth unto an holy temple in the Lord:

All the building/body of Christ is “fitly framed together” closely joined together unto a holy temple/Church/body of Christ

Eph 2:22 In whom ye also are builded together for an habitation of God through the Spirit.

We are builded/constructed together with other Christians through the Spirit of God to dwell where God dwells.